More than thousand species belong to the family Begoniaceae that originates from tropical and subtropical zones. The ideal cultivation temperature is around 15° throughout the year. This plant like intense light but not direct sun. During the winter temperatures shouldn’t be below 13° C but they still have to be kept in a cool environment. Begonias should be often watered on the basis of the external temperature, taking care, however, to dry superficially the topsoil between one watering and another. During the winter waterings should be drastically reduced and it should be watered just when the topsoil surface is dry.
The common name Calla indicates some species of rhizomatous plants, originating from Africa. The Callas are very common as potted plants. It is possible to have more bloomings from the same rhizome, always better from year to year. They are grown in large pots, with a good rich and soft topsoil, so that the large rhizomes can easily develop a good root system. Unfortunately it is not possible to indicate a strict rule for watering the callas, as the outdoor or home climate has a great influence on the water needs of the plants. To allow the plants the winter vegetative rest, as soon as the foliage begins to turn yellow, it is necessary to interrupt the watering.
The Dahlia is a plant originating from Mexico and widespread throughout Europe thanks to its extraordinary beauty of its very colored flower heads. It is a bulb plant and it has large and intense green leaves. Dahlia’s flowers, with multiple shades from white to yellow, pink to purple represent (originally in the Aztec culture) the femininity and the kindness of women and are, therefore, indicated to make them a gift.
It is a herbaceous perennial plant originating from Southern Africa, Asia and South America as well. It belongs to Asteraceae family. It has a thick rosette of broad and leathery leaves from which the sturdy stem rises, covered by white hair that supports the inflorescence. The flowers of Gerbera look like giant daisies with a corolla that can be both light and dark and it has long petals that have a velvety texture; they are very long-lasting flowers and they have bright colors ranging from white to yellow, pink, lilac, up to dark red.
It is a herbaceous, perennial and tuberose plant. Flowers have a bell shape,they are velvety with a color that varies according to the species and the variety. Thanks to the beauty of the flowers these plants are used as apartment plants. The blooming from May to August is copious, it produces flowers long up to 5-10 cm of violet or purple color. For blooming they need at least 12-14 hours of light, the plants should be placed in a well-lit position but should not be exposed to direct sunlight. The ambient temperature should not fall below 18 ° C. In autumn, after the blooming, the aerial part begins to dry up, and when this phase is completed the tubers have to be extracted from the ground and placed in a cool, dry place in the dark . The ideal storage temperature is 10-12 ° C, where they will remain until the following March, when they will be repotted.
It is a perennial shrub belonging to the family Asteraceae and originating from Asia and Africa. The Helichrysum has elongated and light green leaves from which arise the erect stems with the characteristic large daisy flowers with a paper consistency (called, precisely, “Paper flower”), golden yellow or glossy violet. The flowers don’t wither but they dry while keeping intact the shape and aroma and, for this reason, they are considered very decorative.
The Euphorbia pulcherrima, known as Poinsettia or Christmas Star, is an ornamental plant originating from Mexico, where it spontaneously grows and where, in the wild, it can even reach a height between two and four meters. It belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is a typically photoperiodic or brevidiurnal plant; for this reason it blooms during the winter when the days are shorter.
It is a herbaceous perennial plant originating from Asia. It produces a basal rosette with big, green, curved, with wavy edges, rigid and compact leaves. These Primulas are very used as houseplants, especially during the winter; they are often used as annual plants, sometimes in the shaded flowerbeds as well. The blooming is very prolonged, especially if the withered flowers are removed.
The Tagete (the so called Indian carnation) are very common flowers used in the gardens and in the pots mostly thanks to their facility of cultivation. They fear water stagnation; the best exposure is the full sun. They fear the cold. Watering has to be regular and moderate.
It is an annual plant belonging to the family Brassicaceae and originating from Europe. It has an erect shape, thick and green/grayish foliage. The sterns hold the beautiful flowers with curled, perfumed and brightly colored petals, collected in spikes. It is a very spread plant in the Uk where it is traditionally used in order to decorate the external cottages’ walls.