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PERENNIAL OUTDOOR PLANTS

The genus Agaphantus includes perennial plants, originating from South Africa, very easy to cultivate and that produces spectacular blooming throughout summer. The Agaphantus flowers are bell shaped and collected in inflorescences, mostly blue even if there are varieties with white flowers. It is important to know, at the time of purchase, if it is a deciduous or perennial leaf species in order to be aware of the cultivation needs of the plant in order to arrange it in the right way as they are plants that do not like to be handled. The perennial leaf Agaphantus can instead be kept outdoors during the winter, only in the areas in which frosts are infrequent. Until the first shoots have appeared, the pot with the plant should be kept in a sheltered place and watered in moderation. During this period it is appropriate to fertilize every two / three weeks using a liquid fertilizer diluted in the irrigation water.

It is an evergreen plant, commonly named Felicia, it is characterized by celestial flowers, similar to those of the daisy, which appear from May until autumn. It prefers exposures to full sun and regular watering. It doesn’t withstand harsh winters.

The aloe vera is a succulent plant belonging to the family Aloeaceae. The plant is characterized by elongated leaves, 40-60cm long, arranged in a tuft, with a particularly fleshy appearance. The ideal climate is the mediterranean one, warm, typical of the summer. The Aloe likes sultry temperatures and a preferably dry environment. For this reason, the direct exposure to the sun is very important for the growth of the plant. The ideal soil is a well drained soil; the watering needs, despite the watery inner part of the plant, are very reduced.

It is known as “kangaroo paw” because of the shape of the flower. It is a rhizomatous perennial plant with australian origin. It prefers sunny or semi-shaded places; these plants don’t fear the cold and they can withstand periods of intense frost. Sometimes during the winter they lose the aerial part and they grow with the arrival of the spring. They can store watery lymph in the roots so that they can use it if they aren’t watered; for this reason they withstand even long periods of drought without problems.

The Anisodontea is a perennial plant originating from Africa: it produces erect trunks, barely branched, with a colored blooming that develops on the thin branches. It prefers sunny places and it doesn’t withstand harsh winters. Watering should be regular during the whole spring and the summer, letting the soil dry between one operation and another.

The Bergenia is a small and evergreen plant that originates from Asia; it is characterized by thick tufts with large, dark green and round leaves that become reddish during the autumn. Flowers have different shades that vary from white to pink, going through various nuances. This species is particularly suitable for creating borders or as a groundcover plant. It is a perennial species that grows well in any position from full sun to full shade; it doesn’t fear the cold. It needs abundant and frequent waterings in order to avoid that the soil gets dry.

It belongs to the family Rutaceae and it originates from Australia. It is an evergreen shrub typical of the coastal areas that has small and intense green leaves with an unmistakable fragrance, sour and stinging, typical of citrus fruits (as a matter of fact it belongs to the same botanical family) and it produces small and starred flowers, rose-colored and with four petals. The flowers are rich of essential oils and are used for the preparation of emotional infusions that are ideal in order to find calm and serenity and fight against obsessions and insomnia. It prefers sunny and well ventilated positions, its blooming could last throughout the year.

The Boronia is an Australian genus belonging to the family Rutaceae: after a revision, around 150 species were assigned to it (all of them are Australian). It is a shrub of small and medium dimensions. The fragrance of the Boronia is very complex, very strong and aromatic, with citrus scents. Its cultivation is considered very difficult. It requires particular conditions: light shade and sheltered position, sandy soil, neutral or subacid, moist but at the same time well drained.

It originates from India, China and Japan and during the winter it produces many and quite big flowers. The most widely cultivated is the camellia Japonica, which blooms from January until the beginning of the spring. The camellia flowers are pink or white, but there are some red-flowered varieties and very few yellow-flowered varieties. In general they alternate between years with exceptional blooms and years with few flowers. They are very long-lived shrubs, and over the years, they can reach considerable dimensions, up to 6-7 meters high. On average it is a rustic plant. Normally they should easily withstand at least -15 ° C, especially if cultivated in open ground. There could be some problems with the potted plants because the cold could damage the roots.

It belongs to the family Campanulaceae and it originates from Europe, North America and Asia. The Campanula “Victoria – Portenschlagiana” is a perennial plant that produces a thick bush covered by purple / lilac flowers in the shape of a bell. Particularly suitable for decorating gardens, it is famous for its larger than normal flowers and for its long-lasting blooming.

The Canna indica (known also as achira, achera, sagú, capacho, biri, cucuyús, juquián o papantla) is a perennial plant belonging to the family Cannaceae, native of the Caribbean and the central areas of America. It is a plant with a tuber whose beauty are the very large leaves up to 60 cm long and standing at the base. The flowers are collected in apical spikes of red, yellow, salmon color depending on the hybrid: it expresses all its beauty only if grown outdoors. Only some dwarf varieties that do not exceed 70 cm in height can be successfully grown in apartments as well.

It is a deciduous or evergreen shrub originating from North America. The most cultivated species in the garden is evergreen, slow-growing. These rustic-looking shrubs that reach about 2 meters in height, prefer bright locations, even exposed to direct sunlight for a few hours; they don’t fear the wintriness. From March to October, during the vegetative and the blooming period, it is suggested to water abundantly, almost always keeping the soil wet, making sure that there won’t be stagnant water.

It belongs to the family Ranunculaceae and it includes almost 250 species of herbaceous or woody plants, climbing with deciduous leaves or evergreen, rustic and not. During the winter the majority of the species loses the foliage. The colors of the flower are shades of pink, blue and purple; there are as well species with yellow and white flowers. Clematis are plants widespread in nature in Europe and Italy as well. They well withstand the cold (during the winter they tend to lose all the leaves) and their blooming is resistant and long-lasting (until late summer).

The cyclamen is one of the most spread houseplants, especially because it has its beautiful flowers during the winter, thus brightening up the cold periods. It belongs to the family Primulaceae and it includes different species originating from the east area of the Mediterranean. During the whole cultivation period it’s important to have a wet weather, with temperatures not higher than 15°.

It belongs to the family Aizoaceae and it originates from South Africa. It is a dwarf succulent very branched and it produces many flowers, similar to little red, yellow, white daisies that open up with the sunlight and shut with the dark. Leaves are fleshy, thin and elongated, even if the vegetation never reaches excessive dimensions making it ideal for long flowering and very resistant borders. The variety “Cooperi” is famous for its peculiar big and fuxia flowers and because it is a perennial plant.

The Duranta repens is a small shrub, crawling or partially erect, originating from Central America; the thin semi-woody stems are densely branched, the foliage is oval and small; it is evergreen in areas with a mild winter climate. It prefers sunny places: poor light can lead to an equally scarce blooming. It doesn’t fear the cold and it can withstand short periods of frost.