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The Mimosa originates from the Australian continent; in Italy they well withstand the central-southern temperate climate and it is possible to cultivate it on the big lakes’ coasts in the north where it can benefit of milder temperatures. The ideal soil for blooming is slightly acidic, with a good structure, that ensures a good humidity and, at the same time, a good drainage. It is recommended to add organic matter (humus) periodically (once a year); in the colder areas it can be cultivated in greenhouse with the foresight not to drop the temperature below 0 degrees.
The olive is the typical evergreen plant of the agriculture in the mediterranean regions. It grows very slowly and its main feature is its longevity. There are many varieties of olive trees that are continuously monitored for their ability to withstand the cold during the winter. The ideal climate for cultivation is a mild climate with minimum temperatures not lower than 8/10° C below zero. Its peculiar fruits start growing at the beginning of the autumn.
The lemon is a fruit plant originating from India and Indo-China but nowadays it is common all over the world (the Mediterranean and tropical regions of South America are those with the greatest production). It belongs to the family Rutaceae and it has oval leaves that are darker from one side and brighter from the other side. It has different shapes from the small tree to the espalier. It produces perfumed and white little flowers, with violet borders from which the characteristic round (or oblong) fruits are born, green when unripe and yellow when ripe, with an unmistakable sour taste. It is used in the food industry where jams, infusions and/or liqueurs are produced from its fruits.
Its common name is Rhyncospermum but it could also be called Jasmine. It is a climbing shrub belonging to the family Apocynaceae. It prefers full sun zones in which it creates very vigorous branches and inflorescences. If it is preferred to lengthen the branches, compromising the level of the blooming, it is necessary to place the plant in a semi-shaded area.
The rosemary is an evergreen perennial shrub, only representative of its kind in the Labiatae family. It originates from the entire Mediterranean basin, in particular in the coastal areas. In the wild it grows in barren and sunny soils. It becomes part of the Mediterranean scrub, colonizing cliffs and gorges among the rocks. It is widespread from sea level up to 650 meters above sea level. In the islands, especially in Sardinia and in Corsica, it is possible to find it up to 1500 meters above sea level. Flowering occurs during the spring (with blue-purple flowers); it is a very rustic plant and fears prolonged frost.
The Passiflora (which literally means Fruit of the Passion) includes hundreds of species of climbing plants and shrubs originating from South America. It contains over five hundred species of evergreen plants. The minimum winter cultivation temperature must not be less than 5 degrees and a strong brightness must be guaranteed in order to facilitate the blooming. Watering is fundamental: it should be constant and frequent throughout the year, except during the winter, especially if it is harsh. In Europe climbing species are mainly cultivated; the most widespread variety is certainly the Passiflora Cerulea, with the typical white and light blue flowers. The flowers bloom in sequence throughout the summer, attract butterflies and bees, and during the summer they give way to small oval-shaped berries, edible in some species.
It belongs to the family Fabaceae and it originates from Australia. It is a climbing and evergreen plant, with woody stem and from spring flowers are collected in lilac, white, pink inflorescences. It is resistant to cold, it does not need abundant irrigation and it prefers sunny exposures.