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It belongs to the family Nyctaginaceae, which originates from the tropical zones of South America. It is a climbing evergreen shrub, with sarmentose and thorny branches. Its small, tubular, white or yellow flowers bloom on top of three large, typically pink or fuchsia bracts (nontheless, many varieties with different colours can be found: they can be white, yellow, red, or deep-purple). In order to facilitate its blooming it is necessary full sunlight; shady locations will instead favor vigorous foliage growth. They fear intense frosts.
March, April, May, June
It belongs to the family Apocynaceae and it originates from the eastern basin of the Mediterranean and Asia. It is an evergreen shrub that spontaneously grows along the coast and waterways. It has long, sharp and light green leaves; it produces large tubular flowers with five petals that are red, pink or white. After the blooming the fruits (that are absolutely inedible) mature in the shape of an elongated pod. In the pods there are feathery seeds.
It is a fruit tree belonging in Moraceae and originating from Western Asia and it has a particularly developed root system, which makes it resistant to droughts. It has a robust, greyish trunk and large, rough, lobed leaves; its distinctive sap is sticky and milky. The Ficus Carica has two different botanical forms: the male, “caprifig” and the female, “true fig”. Both forms produce the common round and fleshy fruits with green or violet peel, only the fruits of the female plants, however, are edible since they are fertilized. The principal responsible for the process of “caprification” is an insect, the Blastophaga psenes.
It belongs to the Myrtaceae family and it is an evergreen shrub originating from Australia and New Zeland. The Leptospermum has little, intense green, rich of essential oils leaves (if pressed they release a pleasant smell) and it produces flowers in the shape of a chalice with five petals, pink or white, followed by fruits, small woody berries. It is also known as Manuka or “tea tree” (variety “Petersonii”) for its particular fragrance similar to the one of lemon: as a matter of fact, it is used to flavor tea infusions, while its flowers are used in the honey production industry.
The genus Passiflora (which literally means passion flower) includes hundreds of species of climbing plants and shrubs, all hailing from South America. There are over five hundred species of evergreen plants in the genus. Minimum winter cultivation temperature must not be under 5 degrees and a strong brightness must be guaranteed in order to facilitate the blooming. Watering is fundamental: it should be constant and frequent throughout the year, except during the winter, especially when particurarly cold. Mostly climbing species are cultivated in Europe, and the most widespread variety is certainly the Passiflora Cerulea, with the typical white and light blue flowers. The flowers bloom in sequence throughout the summer, they attract butterflies and bees, and during the summer they give way to small oval-shaped berries, edible in some species.
It is an evergreen climbing plant belonging to the Apocinaceae and it originates from Southern America. The Mandevillea Suaveolens is vaguely similar to the Dipladenia but it’s different from it because its leaves are bigger, wrinkled (particularly evident in the “Alice du Pont”) and brighter. It is different as well for the size of the flowers that are larger and slightly perfumed.
The olive is the typical evergreen plant of the agriculture in the mediterranean regions. It grows very slowly and its main feature is its longevity. There are many varieties of olive trees that are continuously monitored for their ability to withstand the cold during the winter. The ideal climate for cultivation is a mild climate with minimum temperatures not lower than 8/10° C below zero. Its peculiar fruits start growing at the beginning of the autumn.