White, various shades of pink and red
Cyclamen is one of the most popular houseplants, especially because its beautiful flowers bloom during the winter, thus brightening up the coldest months. It belongs to the family Primulaceae and it includes different species, all hailing from eastern Mediterranean. It is important to keep the cultivation environment humid and with a temperature not higher than 15°.
It has always been recognized as the queen of flowers, with many meanings depending on the local traditions and the colors of the flowers. It originates from the temperate zones of Europe and Asia (the “Kordana” or “mini” variety originates from China). It is a thorny shrub with erect shape (it can also be cultivated as climbing with the aid of espaliers or pyramids). It has small, dark green and serrated leaves and produces the characteristic flower with many velvety petals with white, yellow, orange, pink, red, speckled colors. In many varieties the flowers are perfumed; the “Kordana” variety stands out for the slightly smaller flowers and for the blooming that is flowering much more abundant and lasting than the other cultivations. For its features, as well as an ornamental plant, dried flowers of the rose are also used to produce infusions and essential oils for cosmetics.
It belongs to the family Saxifragaceae and it originates from the arctic temperate regions. The Saxifraga Arendsii is a groundcover and evergreen herbaceous plant characterized by small elongated leaves of an intense green color. It has thin stems that carry very resistant flowers in the shape of a red flattened star (there is also a white flower variety and with lighter leaflets, “Saxifraga Paniculata”). It is an ideal plant to be cultivated in rocky gardens since it has roots capable of taking root even among stones.
It originates from Southern Africa and it belongs to the family Aizoacee. It is a perennial succulent plant that produces colored flowers similar to little daisies. The leaves are sturdy and fleshy and they contain a very sticky lymph that gives the plant a very strong and compact appearance.
Our mediterranean climate well suits this plant in the family Proteaceae hailing from Australia. The grevillea blooms during springtime and its flowers are characterised by a long calyx that develops into coloured curls from which small flexed stomata and a single pistil emerge. There are several species of grevillea and some of them can also be cultivated in coastal areas as they can withstand sea salt. In most species the flowers are very nectariferous which makes grevilleas excellent plants for attracting insects and birds.
It is known in different regions with different names: in Italian it is called porcellana, procaccia, purselana (Liguria), erba grassa (Lombardia), barzellana (Sardegna). In ancient Egypt it was already known as medical plant. It probably originates from Asia. It has reddish, fleshy, very branched stems and a prostrate shape which makes it an excellent groundcover plant: from June until the first autumn cold numerous rose-shaped flowers bloom on the apex of the branches, with wrinkled looking petals that close in the dark. It needs sun and regular watering.
It is a small shrub with shiny green foliage. If it is rubbed it releases a strong citrusy fragrance. It shows an elegant foliage during the spring and the summer. In September it is filled with bunches with small pink fruits and later, in autumn, its foliage turns yellow. It withstands both the great summer heat and peaks of cold up to about -5 ° C. It should be exposed to full sun but it can also stay in partially shaded places. The ground should be neutral, fertile and well drained because it doesn’t withstand water stagnation.