Sunny or partial shade
The national flower of South Carolina, gelsemium is a pant in the family Loganiaceae and in fact it is native to central and northern America. This climbing, evergreen plant is very rustic and resistant. It has thin, elongated, light-green leaves and it produces little funnel-shaped, fragrant, yellow flowers. Since its appearance and its scent vaguely resemble those of jasmines, gelsemum is also commonly known as “yellow jasmine”.
February, March, April
Full sun, Half shade
The Lotus is a genus of herbaceous plant belonging to the family Fabacee (or Legumionous) that includes over a hundred species. The species of the genus Lotus are almost all perennial herbs.They typically have trifoliate compound leaves that have two large stipules at the basis; this conveys the impression of leaves composed of five leaflets instead of three, as it actually is. Some species, however, really have leaves composed of more than three leaflets (imparipinnate), up to about fifteen. The flowers, irregular, with the typical papilionaceous corolla, are almost always yellow but they can have red shades. They are collected in small inflorescences made up of 3-10 flowers. The fruit is a legume.
The genus Euphorbia is very wide and heterogenous: the variety Milli, hailing from Southern Africa, is a half-succulent with fleshy trunks and typical flowers, called cyathia, belonging to all the species in the genus. The common name of the Euphorbia Milii is Christ thorn, because according to the legend it’s the plant used in making the crown of thorns placed on the head of Jesus Christ. The flower blooms throughout the year, however it fears the cold.
It belongs to the family Saxifragaceae and it originates from the arctic temperate regions. The Saxifraga Arendsii is a groundcover and evergreen herbaceous plant characterized by small elongated leaves of an intense green color. It has thin stems that carry very resistant flowers in the shape of a red flattened star (there is also a white flower variety and with lighter leaflets, “Saxifraga Paniculata”). It is an ideal plant to be cultivated in rocky gardens since it has roots capable of taking root even among stones.
It is known in different regions with different names: in Italian it is called porcellana, procaccia, purselana (Liguria), erba grassa (Lombardia), barzellana (Sardegna). In ancient Egypt it was already known as medical plant. It probably originates from Asia. It has reddish, fleshy, very branched stems and a prostrate shape which makes it an excellent groundcover plant: from June until the first autumn cold numerous rose-shaped flowers bloom on the apex of the branches, with wrinkled looking petals that close in the dark. It needs sun and regular watering.
Anigozanthos is commonly known as “kangaroo paw” because of the shape of its flowers. It is a rhizomatous perennial plant hailing from Austrialia. It prefers sunny or semi-shaded places; these plants do not fear the cold and they can withstand periods of intense cold. Sometimes during the winter it loses the aerial part which they grow back in spring. A watery lymph is stored in the roots of the plant, which allows it to withstand long periods of drought without problems.