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The Passiflora (which literally means Fruit of the Passion) includes hundreds of species of climbing plants and shrubs originating from South America. It contains over five hundred species of evergreen plants. The minimum winter cultivation temperature must not be less than 5 degrees and a strong brightness must be guaranteed in order to facilitate the blooming. Watering is fundamental: it should be constant and frequent throughout the year, except during the winter, especially if it is harsh. In Europe climbing species are mainly cultivated; the most widespread variety is certainly the Passiflora Cerulea, with the typical white and light blue flowers. The flowers bloom in sequence throughout the summer, attract butterflies and bees, and during the summer they give way to small oval-shaped berries, edible in some species.
It is an evergreen shrub that originates from Central America. It has thin, green, fleshy and branched trunks. When it grows it assumes a prostrate shape. It belongs to the Plantaginaceae family. It fears the cold. Thanks to its hanging shape it looks like a waterfall of flowers. It needs sun and regular watering.
The lemon is a fruit plant originating from India and Indo-China but nowadays it is common all over the world (the Mediterranean and tropical regions of South America are those with the greatest production). It belongs to the family Rutaceae and it has oval leaves that are darker from one side and brighter from the other side. It has different shapes from the small tree to the espalier. It produces perfumed and white little flowers, with violet borders from which the characteristic round (or oblong) fruits are born, green when unripe and yellow when ripe, with an unmistakable sour taste. It is used in the food industry where jams, infusions and/or liqueurs are produced from its fruits.
It originates from the Mediterranean basin but it is spread in India and in some Atlantic islands. It is a herbaceous, perennial and evergreen plant belonging to the family Labiatae. The leaves, narrow and elongated, end with an ear-shaped inflorescence of violet/purple color. Inside of this there are glands containing the base aromatic oil for the production of various fragrances used in the cosmetics and as a spice in the kitchen. The Stoechas variety has slightly silver leaves and it produces larger dark purple flowers, surmounted by a characteristic tuft of purple bracts.
The Polygala Myrtifolia (variety that is better to cultivate in the greenhouse) is an evergreen shrub belonging to the family Polygalaceae, hybridized by crossing species originating in Southern Africa. It has a basically bushy and round shape with a very thick vegetation. Thanks to its flexibility it can easily be cut in order to have different shapes (pyramid, espalier). Its leaves are similar to the myrtle’s ones but bigger and of light green color. It produces lilac flowers collected in bunches at the apex of the branches.
It belongs to the Punicaceae family and it is a shrub with very ancient origins from Southwest Asia. It is mostly known with the name of pomegranate (“malum punicum” in Latin to remind the origin from the city of Carthage where for the first time Romans found it out. This plant produces red tubular flowers from which edible red/orange fruits are generated, with coriaceous rind, with sour and tasty pulp, typically fragmented in grains.
The Vine is a climbing shrub belonging to the family Vitaceae: it has 10 meters long trunks. The trunk has dark brown bark that comes off in longitudinal strips; the hairy and young twigs have a flexible curl (the tendril) on the opposite side of the leaf that allows the plant to attach itself to the supports. It withstands drought but not freezing.