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The genus Passiflora (which literally means passion flower) includes hundreds of species of climbing plants and shrubs, all hailing from South America. There are over five hundred species of evergreen plants in the genus. Minimum winter cultivation temperature must not be under 5 degrees and a strong brightness must be guaranteed in order to facilitate the blooming. Watering is fundamental: it should be constant and frequent throughout the year, except during the winter, especially when particurarly cold. Mostly climbing species are cultivated in Europe, and the most widespread variety is certainly the Passiflora Cerulea, with the typical white and light blue flowers. The flowers bloom in sequence throughout the summer, they attract butterflies and bees, and during the summer they give way to small oval-shaped berries, edible in some species.
It is an evergreen plant belonging to the family Cactaceae. It has an erect trunk and it can reach several meters in height. The leaves, called shovels are oval and they are covered by small thorns: at the end of these shovels, during the spring, the flowers (yellow-red) come out and then they turn into fruits. It has scarce water needs and it even withstands harsh winters. Blooming starts during the summer and it lasts until autumn.
The olive is the typical evergreen plant of the agriculture in the mediterranean regions. It grows very slowly and its main feature is its longevity. There are many varieties of olive trees that are continuously monitored for their ability to withstand the cold during the winter. The ideal climate for cultivation is a mild climate with minimum temperatures not lower than 8/10° C below zero. Its peculiar fruits start growing at the beginning of the autumn.
Eucalyptus (from Greek “εὖ”, “good” and “καλύπτω”, “to hide”, in reference to the fact that the petals hide the rest of the flower) is an evergreen arboreal plant hailing from Tasmania, Australia, New Guinea and from Oceania in general. It is a genus with around 600 species in the family Mirtacee. Introduced in Italy at the beginning of the 19th century, the Eucalyptus is appreciated for its therapeutic and curative properties; the blooming periods, however, are rather long: in particular, the globulus variety blooms between winter and spring and the camaldulensis variety during summer.
The Polygala Myrtifolia (variety that is better to cultivate in the greenhouse) is an evergreen shrub belonging to the family Polygalaceae, hybridized by crossing species originating in Southern Africa. It has a basically bushy and round shape with a very thick vegetation. Thanks to its flexibility it can easily be cut in order to have different shapes (pyramid, espalier). Its leaves are similar to the myrtle’s ones but bigger and of light green color. It produces lilac flowers collected in bunches at the apex of the branches.
The Ortensia is a perennial shrub belonging to the family Hydrangeaceae and it originates from East Asia (China and Japan) and from North America. It is known throughout the world for its extraordinary blooming; it has large, dark green and dentate leaves and it produces a big balloon inflorescence (with a diameter up to 20 cm) with many small flowers of different colors, from white to pink, to lilac up to blue. The coloring of the flowers can be influenced by the reaction of the plant to the type of soil; greater acidity leads to flowers tending to blue, while in basic or alkaline soils there will be flowers tending to pink.
The Solanum Jasmionoides belongs to the family Solanaceae and it originates from Brasil. It is an evergreen climbing shrub with glossy green leaves and with five petals and pure white flowers, sometimes tending to pink or blue, collected in bunches at the end of the branches. It is also called “Jasmine at night” because the flowers give off a sweet smell just at night.