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The Passiflora (which literally means Fruit of the Passion) includes hundreds of species of climbing plants and shrubs originating from South America. It contains over five hundred species of evergreen plants. The minimum winter cultivation temperature must not be less than 5 degrees and a strong brightness must be guaranteed in order to facilitate the blooming. Watering is fundamental: it should be constant and frequent throughout the year, except during the winter, especially if it is harsh. In Europe climbing species are mainly cultivated; the most widespread variety is certainly the Passiflora Cerulea, with the typical white and light blue flowers. The flowers bloom in sequence throughout the summer, attract butterflies and bees, and during the summer they give way to small oval-shaped berries, edible in some species.
It is an evergreen plant belonging to the family Cactaceae. It has an erect trunk and it can reach several meters in height. The leaves, called shovels are oval and they are covered by small thorns: at the end of these shovels, during the spring, the flowers (yellow-red) come out and then they turn into fruits. It has scarce water needs and it even withstands harsh winters. Blooming starts during the summer and it lasts until autumn.
The olive is the typical evergreen plant of the agriculture in the mediterranean regions. It grows very slowly and its main feature is its longevity. There are many varieties of olive trees that are continuously monitored for their ability to withstand the cold during the winter. The ideal climate for cultivation is a mild climate with minimum temperatures not lower than 8/10° C below zero. Its peculiar fruits start growing at the beginning of the autumn.
The Solanum Rantonetti is an evergreen shrub that originates from South America: in April until the first cold it produces many little violet flowers with the yellow center, collected in small bunches; the flowers are followed by the fruits that look like orange, round and inedible berries. It should be planted in a sunny place, or even in partial shade; these plants fear the cold. The watering has to be regular and it is important that the soil is dry between one operation and another.
The rosemary is an evergreen perennial shrub, only representative of its kind in the Labiatae family. It originates from the entire Mediterranean basin, in particular in the coastal areas. In the wild it grows in barren and sunny soils. It becomes part of the Mediterranean scrub, colonizing cliffs and gorges among the rocks. It is widespread from sea level up to 650 meters above sea level. In the islands, especially in Sardinia and in Corsica, it is possible to find it up to 1500 meters above sea level. Flowering occurs during the spring (with blue-purple flowers); it is a very rustic plant and fears prolonged frost.
The Vine is a climbing shrub belonging to the family Vitaceae: it has 10 meters long trunks. The trunk has dark brown bark that comes off in longitudinal strips; the hairy and young twigs have a flexible curl (the tendril) on the opposite side of the leaf that allows the plant to attach itself to the supports. It withstands drought but not freezing.
It is an evergreen climbing plant with vigorous growth and it rapidly develops. From late spring to late summer they produce numerous pink and bell-shaped flowers. In order to have the best development the Pandorea Jasminoides should be placed in a sunny or semi-shaded place. It fears intense frost an so it is recommended to transplant them in a position sheltered from the wind.