The Vine is a climbing shrub belonging to the family Vitaceae: it has 10 meters long trunks. The trunk has dark brown bark that comes off in longitudinal strips; the hairy and young twigs have a flexible curl (the tendril) on the opposite side of the leaf that allows the plant to attach itself to the supports. It withstands drought but not freezing.
It originates from the Mediterranean basin but it is spread in India and in some Atlantic islands. It is a herbaceous, perennial and evergreen plant belonging to the family Labiatae. The leaves, narrow and elongated, end with an ear-shaped inflorescence of violet/purple color. Inside of this there are glands containing the base aromatic oil for the production of various fragrances used in the cosmetics and as a spice in the kitchen. The Stoechas variety has slightly silver leaves and it produces larger dark purple flowers, surmounted by a characteristic tuft of purple bracts.
It is an evergreen plant belonging to the family Cactaceae. It has an erect trunk and it can reach several meters in height. The leaves, called shovels are oval and they are covered by small thorns: at the end of these shovels, during the spring, the flowers (yellow-red) come out and then they turn into fruits. It has scarce water needs and it even withstands harsh winters. Blooming starts during the summer and it lasts until autumn.
The Lippia Citriodora belongs to the family Verbenaceae. It is an aromatic plant that, if lightly touched, it spreads an aromatic and unmistakable lemon fragrance in the air. Like all the aromatic herbs, it hardly tolerates stagnant water but, at the same time, it needs abundant watering. Blooming occurs from June to August and even up to the beginning of autumn in areas with mild climate.
The lemon is a fruit plant originating from India and Indo-China but nowadays it is common all over the world (the Mediterranean and tropical regions of South America are those with the greatest production). It belongs to the family Rutaceae and it has oval leaves that are darker from one side and brighter from the other side. It has different shapes from the small tree to the espalier. It produces perfumed and white little flowers, with violet borders from which the characteristic round (or oblong) fruits are born, green when unripe and yellow when ripe, with an unmistakable sour taste. It is used in the food industry where jams, infusions and/or liqueurs are produced from its fruits.
The Ortensia is a perennial shrub belonging to the family Hydrangeaceae and it originates from East Asia (China and Japan) and from North America. It is known throughout the world for its extraordinary blooming; it has large, dark green and dentate leaves and it produces a big balloon inflorescence (with a diameter up to 20 cm) with many small flowers of different colors, from white to pink, to lilac up to blue. The coloring of the flowers can be influenced by the reaction of the plant to the type of soil; greater acidity leads to flowers tending to blue, while in basic or alkaline soils there will be flowers tending to pink.
The Polygala Myrtifolia (variety that is better to cultivate in the greenhouse) is an evergreen shrub belonging to the family Polygalaceae, hybridized by crossing species originating in Southern Africa. It has a basically bushy and round shape with a very thick vegetation. Thanks to its flexibility it can easily be cut in order to have different shapes (pyramid, espalier). Its leaves are similar to the myrtle’s ones but bigger and of light green color. It produces lilac flowers collected in bunches at the apex of the branches.