The Mimosa originates from the Australian continent; in Italy they well withstand the central-southern temperate climate and it is possible to cultivate it on the big lakes’ coasts in the north where it can benefit of milder temperatures. The ideal soil for blooming is slightly acidic, with a good structure, that ensures a good humidity and, at the same time, a good drainage. It is recommended to add organic matter (humus) periodically (once a year); in the colder areas it can be cultivated in greenhouse with the foresight not to drop the temperature below 0 degrees.
The genus Agaphantus includes perennial plants, originating from South Africa, very easy to cultivate and that produces spectacular blooming throughout summer. The Agaphantus flowers are bell shaped and collected in inflorescences, mostly blue even if there are varieties with white flowers. It is important to know, at the time of purchase, if it is a deciduous or perennial leaf species in order to be aware of the cultivation needs of the plant in order to arrange it in the right way as they are plants that do not like to be handled. The perennial leaf Agaphantus can instead be kept outdoors during the winter, only in the areas in which frosts are infrequent. Until the first shoots have appeared, the pot with the plant should be kept in a sheltered place and watered in moderation. During this period it is appropriate to fertilize every two / three weeks using a liquid fertilizer diluted in the irrigation water.
It is an evergreen plant, commonly named Felicia, it is characterized by celestial flowers, similar to those of the daisy, which appear from May until autumn. It prefers exposures to full sun and regular watering. It doesn’t withstand harsh winters.
It is a very beautiful evergreen plant similar to the Plumeria, very decorative both for the beauty of the leaves and for the abundant blooming. It originates from Brasil and it belongs to the family Apocynaceae: fruits are more or less rounded spiny capsules. From late spring to the early cold it produces yellow trumpet flowers. It needs sunny positions, it isn’t very resistant to prolonged frosts.
The aloe vera is a succulent plant belonging to the family Aloeaceae. The plant is characterized by elongated leaves, 40-60cm long, arranged in a tuft, with a particularly fleshy appearance. The ideal climate is the mediterranean one, warm, typical of the summer. The Aloe likes sultry temperatures and a preferably dry environment. For this reason, the direct exposure to the sun is very important for the growth of the plant. The ideal soil is a well drained soil; the watering needs, despite the watery inner part of the plant, are very reduced.
It belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae and it originates from central and south America. The Alstroemeria (called “lily of Peru” as well) is a perennial shrub that produces wonderful flowers similar to small lilies, with the peculiarity of having pittings or brown stripings inside the petals. It is used for the production of cut flowers, it is cultivated in pots as well, looking like a thick bush with light green leaves and with a thick and durable flowering. It prefers sunny expositions, it well withstands low temperatures.
The Angelonia is a herbaceous, annual and perennial plant, originating from Mexico and Central America, similar to the Anthirrinum. On average it is 30 cm high, it has erect trunks, covered by elongated and light green leaves with dentate margin. Flowers are inflorescences with spike shaped, that are white with purple spots, pink or electric blue. The Angelonia continuously blooms throughout the summer. Its flowers are similar to small orchids. It prefers sunny positions and it fears low temperatures.
It is known as “kangaroo paw” because of the shape of the flower. It is a rhizomatous perennial plant with australian origin. It prefers sunny or semi-shaded places; these plants don’t fear the cold and they can withstand periods of intense frost. Sometimes during the winter they lose the aerial part and they grow with the arrival of the spring. They can store watery lymph in the roots so that they can use it if they aren’t watered; for this reason they withstand even long periods of drought without problems.
The Anisodontea is a perennial plant originating from Africa: it produces erect trunks, barely branched, with a colored blooming that develops on the thin branches. It prefers sunny places and it doesn’t withstand harsh winters. Watering should be regular during the whole spring and the summer, letting the soil dry between one operation and another.
It belongs to the family Scrophulariaceae and it originates from the mediterranean regions. The Antirrhinum is a rustic perennial plant (cultivated a san annual or, at least, biennial) with a woody trunk at the basis and inflorescences with many shades at the end. Its common name “Mouth of the lion” derives from the peculiar shape of the flowers that have a tubular corolla having two formations similar to two lips (the upper one is divided in two lobes and the lower on divided in three ones). It prefers full sunlight and it well withstands low temperatures.
It belongs to the family Compositae and it originates from the Mediterranean regions. The Asteriscus is a small perennial shrub with oval, thick and dark green leaves. The flowers have the classical shape of the daisy, they are totally yellow and very resistant and long lasting. Thanks to its characteristics, it is easy to cultivate and it has a significant impact because it creates golden cushions in the garden. It blooms during the spring and the flowering lasts until autumn. It well withstands the winterly cold.
More than thousand species belong to the family Begoniaceae that originates from tropical and subtropical zones. The ideal cultivation temperature is around 15° throughout the year. This plant like intense light but not direct sun. During the winter temperatures shouldn’t be below 13° C but they still have to be kept in a cool environment. Begonias should be often watered on the basis of the external temperature, taking care, however, to dry superficially the topsoil between one watering and another. During the winter waterings should be drastically reduced and it should be watered just when the topsoil surface is dry.
The Bergenia is a small and evergreen plant that originates from Asia; it is characterized by thick tufts with large, dark green and round leaves that become reddish during the autumn. Flowers have different shades that vary from white to pink, going through various nuances. This species is particularly suitable for creating borders or as a groundcover plant. It is a perennial species that grows well in any position from full sun to full shade; it doesn’t fear the cold. It needs abundant and frequent waterings in order to avoid that the soil gets dry.
It belongs to the family Asteraceae and it originates from central America but it is widespread all over the world as one of the most common plants to decorate balconies. It is a perennial plant but it is cultivate as an annual one. It looks like a shrub with thin and green/grayish leaves. It is completely covered by the head shape classic flowers (small stars) with five golden yellow petals; it needs full sunlight and it dies at the first cold during the winter.
It belongs to the family Rutaceae and it originates from Australia. It is an evergreen shrub typical of the coastal areas that has small and intense green leaves with an unmistakable fragrance, sour and stinging, typical of citrus fruits (as a matter of fact it belongs to the same botanical family) and it produces small and starred flowers, rose-colored and with four petals. The flowers are rich of essential oils and are used for the preparation of emotional infusions that are ideal in order to find calm and serenity and fight against obsessions and insomnia. It prefers sunny and well ventilated positions, its blooming could last throughout the year.
The Boronia is an Australian genus belonging to the family Rutaceae: after a revision, around 150 species were assigned to it (all of them are Australian). It is a shrub of small and medium dimensions. The fragrance of the Boronia is very complex, very strong and aromatic, with citrus scents. Its cultivation is considered very difficult. It requires particular conditions: light shade and sheltered position, sandy soil, neutral or subacid, moist but at the same time well drained.