It belongs to the family Nyctaginaceae, originating from the tropical zones of the South America. It is a climbing shrub, sarmentose and thorny, evergreen, with small tubular white or yellow, subtended by three large bracts of typically pink / fuchsia color (there are, however, many varieties of different other colors, from white, to yellow, to red, up to deep purple). In order to facilitate its blooming it is necessary full sunlight; shady locations will instead favor vigorous foliage growth. They fear intense frosts.
It belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. The Ranunculus is a simple and elegant flower originating from Asia. It is highly sought for its flowering period which is one of the first that blooms: it blooms in late winter or in early spring. The most common buttercups on the market are the “orientalis”. They generally prefer damp environments and their petals vary from white to intense yellow.
It belongs to the family Rutaceae, originating from South- East Asia. It is an evergreen plant with white scented flowers with decorative orange and round fruits. It prefers sunny places and frequent watering: the fruits of the ornamental plants aren’t edible.
Close relative of the Petunias, the Calibrachoas have very similar but smaller flowers and they have a more compact growth than them: for this reason they are known as dwarf Petunias. Easy and resistant, they rarely get sick and they well withstand the rain and the wind (unlike the Petunias). Furthermore, a sunny position facilitates the growth and the blooming: this in fact begins already in mid-April, when the days are longer and there are many hours of light.
The Callistemon belongs to the family Myrtaceae and it is an evergreen shrub originating from Australia and New Caledonia. It has light green, thin, elongated and at the end of the branches it produces the characteristic red flower in the shape of spike or bottle brush (actually, the little flowers are very small and the only fleshy part) that’s why it is called “little broom”.
It originates from India, China and Japan and during the winter it produces many and quite big flowers. The most widely cultivated is the camellia Japonica, which blooms from January until the beginning of the spring. The camellia flowers are pink or white, but there are some red-flowered varieties and very few yellow-flowered varieties. In general they alternate between years with exceptional blooms and years with few flowers. They are very long-lived shrubs, and over the years, they can reach considerable dimensions, up to 6-7 meters high. On average it is a rustic plant. Normally they should easily withstand at least -15 ° C, especially if cultivated in open ground. There could be some problems with the potted plants because the cold could damage the roots.
It belongs to the family Campanulaceae and it originates from Europe, North America and Asia. The Campanula “Victoria – Portenschlagiana” is a perennial plant that produces a thick bush covered by purple / lilac flowers in the shape of a bell. Particularly suitable for decorating gardens, it is famous for its larger than normal flowers and for its long-lasting blooming.
It belongs to the family Campanulaceae and it originates from Europe, North America and Asia. The variety “Appeal” is characterized by its erect shape (it is almost a natural pyramid formed due to its branching from below), its hard and light green leaves and its giant flowers in the shape of a blue or pink bell, gathered in groups that fill the whole stem. It is less rustic than the classic Campanula and it demands less watering but higher temperatures.
The Canna indica (known also as achira, achera, sagú, capacho, biri, cucuyús, juquián o papantla) is a perennial plant belonging to the family Cannaceae, native of the Caribbean and the central areas of America. It is a plant with a tuber whose beauty are the very large leaves up to 60 cm long and standing at the base. The flowers are collected in apical spikes of red, yellow, salmon color depending on the hybrid: it expresses all its beauty only if grown outdoors. Only some dwarf varieties that do not exceed 70 cm in height can be successfully grown in apartments as well.
In addition to the well-known pepper, the capsicum belongs to the Solanaceae family, originating in the Americas but currently cultivated throughout the world. It includes almost 50 species of plants, perennial and annual. The plants look like shrubs from 40 to 80 cm high (depending on the species) with light green leaves; also the resistance to cold and hot climate varies on the basis of the variety. The fruits have to be picked during the summer until autumn.
The Carissa macrocarpa (or grandiflora) belongs to the family Apocynaceae and it originates from the sub-tropical regions of South Africa. For this reason it is also known as Natal Plum (from the name of an African region). It is an evergreen thorny shrub that produces oval, fleshy and bright green leaves and beautiful, white, star-shaped and scented flowers. Like all the plants in its family the Carissa is poisonous but it generates fruits that have the shape of small red eggs that, once ripe, are perfectly edible.
The carnation is a herbaceous and perennial plant belonging to the family Caryophyllaceae and it has an uncertain origin. It is assumed that it originates from the mediterranean regions but there are many varieties originating from Asia and Africa. The bush has narrow and elongated green/grey leaves. The plant produces the peculiar flowers with five petals, single or in bunches with disparate appearances, depending on the variety.
Among the most widespread and cultivated plants in the world, the carnation flower, typically rippled and variously colored (red, pink, white, yellow, violet, speckled) has taken on different meanings in popular symbolism in different countries. Thanks to its delicate fragrance, it is also used, once dried, to make pout-pourri.
It is a deciduous or evergreen shrub originating from North America. The most cultivated species in the garden is evergreen, slow-growing. These rustic-looking shrubs that reach about 2 meters in height, prefer bright locations, even exposed to direct sunlight for a few hours; they don’t fear the wintriness. From March to October, during the vegetative and the blooming period, it is suggested to water abundantly, almost always keeping the soil wet, making sure that there won’t be stagnant water.
In Italy the chrysanthemum blooms at the end of october and for this reason it is associated to the All Souls’ Day. Actually, however, the name, which derives from Greek, literally means gold flower and has therefore been associated by tradition to absolutely positive values. It belongs to the family Compositae. The most of the varieties bloom in autumn, in late October-early November. They prefer to live in a warm-temperate environment.
The Cineraria “cruenta” belongs to the family Asteraceae and it originates from the Canary Islands, although it has quickly developed throughout Europe. It is a multiannual plant characterized by a thick bush with large and dark green leaves. It produces many daisy-shaped flowers with different shades, blue sky, lilac, pink, white etc that cover the whole plant. For its peculiar and abundant blooming and its bushy shape is ideal to create colored spots in flowerbeds and gardens.
It belongs to the family Ranunculaceae and it includes almost 250 species of herbaceous or woody plants, climbing with deciduous leaves or evergreen, rustic and not. During the winter the majority of the species loses the foliage. The colors of the flower are shades of pink, blue and purple; there are as well species with yellow and white flowers. Clematis are plants widespread in nature in Europe and Italy as well. They well withstand the cold (during the winter they tend to lose all the leaves) and their blooming is resistant and long-lasting (until late summer).