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Ficus Carica

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It is a fruit tree belonging to the family Moraceae and originating from Western Asia. Equipped with a particularly broad root system, which makes it resistant to drought, it is characterized by a robust, greyish-colored trunk and by broad wrinkled leaves variously lobed within which a viscous and milky sap flows. The Ficus Carica has two different botanical forms: the “male”, “Caprifico” and the “female”, “Fico vero”. Both of them produce the common round and fleshy fruits with the green or violet peel. Just the fruits of the female plants are edible since they are fertilized (the principal responsible for the process of “caprification” is an insect, the Blastophaga psenes).