Full sun or half shade
The Jasmine, belonging to the family Oleaceae, includes more than 300 varieties and it originates from China and North America, as well as India and some zones of the mediterranean basin. It is a climbing shrub that produces tubular, starry and with five petals flowers, of pure white color (there are, however, yellow-flowered or pink-shaded varieties) that give off the characteristic sweetish scent. According to the tradition, for a long time the family Medici safeguarded a unique example of this plant forbidding, at the same time, its circulation until a gardener furtively donated a twig of jasmine to his beloved who became, thus, rich and she could marry: hence the custom of donating a bunch of Jasmine to brides.
March, April, May
Full sun, Half shade
The Polygala Myrtifolia (variety that is better to cultivate in the greenhouse) is an evergreen shrub belonging to the family Polygalaceae, hybridized by crossing species originating in Southern Africa. It has a basically bushy and round shape with a very thick vegetation. Thanks to its flexibility it can easily be cut in order to have different shapes (pyramid, espalier). Its leaves are similar to the myrtle’s ones but bigger and of light green color. It produces lilac flowers collected in bunches at the apex of the branches.
The lemon is a fruit plant originating from India and Indo-China but nowadays it is common all over the world (the Mediterranean and tropical regions of South America are those with the greatest production). It belongs to the family Rutaceae and it has oval leaves that are darker from one side and brighter from the other side. It has different shapes from the small tree to the espalier. It produces perfumed and white little flowers, with violet borders from which the characteristic round (or oblong) fruits are born, green when unripe and yellow when ripe, with an unmistakable sour taste. It is used in the food industry where jams, infusions and/or liqueurs are produced from its fruits.
It belongs to the Punicaceae family and it is a shrub with very ancient origins from Southwest Asia. It is mostly known with the name of pomegranate (“malum punicum” in Latin to remind the origin from the city of Carthage where for the first time Romans found it out. This plant produces red tubular flowers from which edible red/orange fruits are generated, with coriaceous rind, with sour and tasty pulp, typically fragmented in grains.
It belongs to the Myrtaceae family and it is an evergreen shrub originating from Australia and New Zeland. The Leptospermum has little, intense green, rich of essential oils leaves (if pressed they release a pleasant smell) and it produces flowers in the shape of a chalice with five petals, pink or white, followed by fruits, small woody berries. It is also known as Manuka or “tea tree” (variety “Petersonii”) for its particular fragrance similar to the one of lemon: as a matter of fact, it is used to flavor tea infusions, while its flowers are used in the honey production industry.
The Solanum Rantonetti is an evergreen shrub that originates from South America: in April until the first cold it produces many little violet flowers with the yellow center, collected in small bunches; the flowers are followed by the fruits that look like orange, round and inedible berries. It should be planted in a sunny place, or even in partial shade; these plants fear the cold. The watering has to be regular and it is important that the soil is dry between one operation and another.
It is an evergreen shrub originating from the temperate regions in Asia and in South America (variety “Capensis” or “Auricolata”) and it belongs to the Plumbaginaceae family. It has a basically climbing shape, it has small, oval and light green leaves and it produces typical light blue flowers (for this reason it is usually known as “Blue sky jasmine”; there is also a variety with red flowers, “Plumbago Indica” or “Rosea”) collected in big spikes.